Un cane piccolo,ma robusto e resistente è stato trovato secoli fa nelle remote,verdi e nebbiose colline del Cardiganshire,in Galles.
Questo yard-long dog (cane lungo una yarda) è stato molto apprezzato dalle sue famiglie,come affettuoso compagno,guardiano e conduttore di bestiame.
Infatti l'antica legge gallese prevedeva severe sanzioni contro chi rubava o recava danno a uno di questi animali,in quanto il suo talento contribuiva a determinare lo status economico della sua famiglia.
A volte confuso con il Pembroke Welsh Corgi,il Cardigan è una razza a parte di antico lignaggio(Il Cardigan è infatti il piu'antico delle due razze Corgi)
Anche se il Cardigan è stato esposo pre la prima volta in Inghilterra e l'associazione inglese del Cardigan è stata fondata nel 1926,Il Cardigan ed il Pembroke non sono state dichiarate razze separate dal Kennel Club Inglese sino al 1934.
Il Welsh Corgi Cardigan è un cane lungo e basso,con grandi e ampie orecchie in posizione verticale,con ossatura moderatamente pesante e torace profondo,attorno al quale presenta le gambe anteriori leggermente piegate,un cane piccolo ma robusto e potente,capace di velocita'e resistenza.
L'impressione generale è quella di un cane potente e intelligente.di costruzione robusta ma non grossolana,dall'espressione attenta.
Nel complesso,una figura lunga rispetto all altezza,che si conclude con una coda di volpe,inserita sul prolungamento della linea dorsale.
Una delle caratteristiche migliori di un Welsh Corgi Cardigan è la sua personalita',un grande cane in un piccolo contenuto...
Il suo temperamento è basato sulla sua vita in origine come aiutante e prezioso custode della fattoria, e questo lo rende un adattabile e straordinario compagno per la famiglia.
Il Cardigan è un cane che ha veramente bisogno di essere coinvolto nella vita della sua famiglia.e la sua famiglia DEVE VOLER essere coinvolta con lui.
Egli è pieno di divertimento e lo dimostra alla sua famiglia con grande devozione e affetto,anche se alcuni Cardigan dimostrano una certa diffidenza verso gli sconosciuti,fino a quando non arrivano a conoscerli meglio.
Prendersi cura della SUA famiglia avviene in modo naturale per questo cane divertente e attento,intelligente e responsabile.
STANDARD UFFICIALE BY THE CARDIGAN WELSH CORGI CLUB OF AMERICA
Low set with moderately
heavy bone and deep chest. Overall silhouette long in proportion to height,
culminating in a low tail set and fox-like brush. General Impression-A handsome,
powerful, small dog, capable of both speed and endurance, intelligent, sturdily
built but not coarse.
Overall balance is more important than absolute size.
Dogs and bitches should be from 10.5 to 12.5 inches at the withers when standing
naturally. The ideal length/height ratio is 1.8:1 when measuring from the point
of the breast bone (prosternum) to the rear of the hip (ischial tuberosity) and
measuring from the ground to the point of the withers. Ideally, dogs should be
from 30 to 38 pounds; bitches from 25 to 34 pounds. Lack of overall balance,
oversized or undersized are serious faults.
The head should be refined in accordance with
the sex and substance of the dog. It should never appear so large and heavy nor
so small and fine as to be out of balance with the rest of the dog. Expression-
alert and gentle, watchful, yet friendly. Eyes- medium to large, not bulging,
with dark rims and distinct corners. Widely set. Clear and dark in harmony with
coat color. Blue eyes (including partially blue eyes), or one dark and one blue
eye permissible in blue merles, and in any other coat color than blue merle are
a disqualification. Ears large and prominent in proportion to size of dog.
Slightly rounded at the tip, and of good strong leather. Moderately wide at the
base, carried erect and sloping slightly forward when alert. When erect, tips
are slightly wide of a straight line drawn from the tip of the nose through the
center of the eye. Small and/or pointed ears are serious faults. Drop ears are a
disqualification. Skull-Top moderately wide and flat between the ears, showing
no prominence of occiput, tapering towards the eyes. Slight depression between
the eyes. Cheeks -flat with some chiseling where the cheek meets the foreface
and under the eye. There should be no prominence of cheekbone. Muzzle- from the
tip of the nose to the base of the stop should be shorter than the length of the
skull from the base of the stop to the high point of the occiput, the proportion
being about three parts muzzle to five parts skull; rounded but not blunt;
tapered but not pointed. In profile the plane of the muzzle should parallel that
of the skull, but on a lower level due to a definite but moderate stop. Nose
-black, except in blue merles where black noses are preferred but butterfly
noses are tolerated. A nose other than solid black in any other color is a
disqualification. Lips- fit cleanly and evenly together all around. Jaws- strong
and clean. Underjaw moderately deep and well formed, reaching to the base of the
nose and rounded at the chin. Teeth strong and regular. Scissors bite preferred;
i.e., inner side of upper incisors fitting closely over outer side of lower
incisors. Overshot, undershot, or wry bite are serious faults.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck- moderately long and
muscular without throatiness. Well developed, especially in males, and in
proportion to the dog's build. Neck well set on; fits into strong, well shaped
shoulders. Topline- level. Body- long and strong. Chest- moderately broad with
prominent breastbone. Deep brisket, with well sprung ribs to allow for good
lungs. Ribs extending well back. Loin- short, strong, moderately tucked up.
Waist well defined. Croup-Slight downward slope to the tail set. Tail- set
fairly low on body line and reaching well below hock. Carried low when standing
or moving slowly, streaming out parallel to ground when at a dead run, lifted
when excited, but never curled over the back. High tail set is a serious fault.
The moderately broad chest
tapers to a deep brisket, well let down between the forelegs. Shoulders -slope
downward and outward from the withers sufficiently to accommodate desired
rib-spring. Shoulder blade (scapula) long and well laid back, meeting upper arm
(humerus) at close to a right angle. Humerus nearly as long as scapula. Elbows
-should fit close, being neither loose nor tied. The forearms- (ulna and radius)
should be curved to fit spring of ribs. The curve in the forearm makes the
wrists (carpal joints) somewhat closer together than the elbows. The pasterns-
are strong and flexible. Dewclaws -removed. The feet- are relatively large and
rounded, with well filled pads. They point slightly outward from a
straight-ahead position to balance the width of the shoulders. This outward
point is not to be more than 30 degrees from center line when viewed from above.
The toes should not be splayed. The correct Cardigan front- is neither straight
nor so crooked as to appear unsound. Overall, the bone should be heavy for a dog
of this size, but not so heavy as to appear coarse or reduce agility. Knuckling
over, straight front, fiddle front are serious faults.
Well muscled and strong, but slightly
less wide than shoulders. Hipbone (pelvis) slopes downward with the croup,
forming a right angle with the femur at the hip socket. There should be moderate
angulation at stifle and hock. Hocks well let down. Metatarsi perpendicular to
the ground and parallel to each other. Dewclaws removed. Feet- point straight
ahead and are slightly smaller and more oval than front. Toes arched. Pads well
filled. Overall, the hindquarters must denote sufficient power to propel this
low, relatively heavy herding dog efficiently over rough terrain.
Medium length but dense as it is double. Outer
hairs slightly harsh in texture; never wiry, curly or silky. Lies relatively
smooth and is weather resistant. The insulating undercoat is short, soft and
thick. A correct coat has short hair on ears, head, the legs; medium hair on
body; and slightly longer, thicker hair in ruff, on the backs of the thighs to
form "pants," and on the underside of the tail. The coat should not be so
exaggerated as to appear fluffy. This breed has a shedding coat, and seasonal
lack of undercoat should not be too severely penalized, providing the hair is
healthy. Trimming is not allowed except to tidy feet and, if desired, remove
whiskers. Soft guard hairs, uniform length, wiry, curly, silky, overly short
and/or flat coats are not desired. A distinctly long or fluffy coat is an
extremely serious fault.
shades of red, sable and brindle. Black with or without tan or brindle points.
Blue merle (black and gray; marbled) with or without tan or brindle points.
There is no color preference. White flashings are usual on the neck (either in
part or as a collar), chest, legs, muzzle, underparts, tip of tail and as a
blaze on head. White on the head should not predominate and should never
surround the eyes. Any color other than specified and/or body color
predominantly white are disqualifications.
Free and smooth. Effortless. Viewed from the
side, forelegs should reach well forward when moving at a trot, without much
lift, in unison with driving action of hind legs. The correct shoulder assembly
and well fitted elbows allow for a long free stride in front. Viewed from the
front, legs do not move in exact parallel planes, but incline slightly inward to
compensate for shortness of leg and width of chest. Hind legs, when trotting,
should reach well under body, move on a line with the forelegs, with the hocks
turning neither in nor out, and in one continuous motion drive powerfully
behind, well beyond the set of the tail. Feet must travel parallel to the line
of motion with no tendency to swing out, cross over, or interfere with each
other. Short choppy movement, rolling or high-stepping gait, close or overly
wide coming or going, are incorrect. This is a herding dog which must have the
agility, freedom of movement, and endurance to do the work for which he was
loyal, affectionate, and adaptable. Never shy nor vicious.
Blue eyes, or partially blue eyes,
in any coat color other than blue merle.
Nose other than solid
black except in blue merles.
Any color other than specified.